Types of Prenatal Genetic Testing

The entire journey of bringing a new life in our lives is a beautiful journey – right from family planning to delivering the baby and beyond. A beautiful, healthy baby is all we wish for. As soon as this journey starts, we go through multiple medical treatments, follow home remedies suggested by our elders, and N number of advices come our way. But apart from regular medical treatments, what can actually help us with this process is Prenatal Genetic Testing.

Read more about Prenatal Genetic testing


  • Role of Prenatal Genetic Testing in Family Planning.
  • What are the two main types of prenatal genetic tests?
  • Carrier Screening Genetic Testing.
  • The Solution.

Role of Prenatal Genetic Testing in Family Planning

In the event of anything going wrong with the health of a baby brings about a lot of turmoil emotionally, physically, and monetarily. Adding to these, brutal societal pressure is another major fight. The challenge is not only for the parents but the baby suffering goes through an ordeal while dealing with the physical and mental issues.

Is not only for the parents but the baby.

India is a vast country where a huge number of children are born every year. As per records around more than 10 lakh babies are born with genetic disorders each year. All of us know, prevention is better than cure. Even though most Genetic Disorders do not have a cure, but we do have a science to prevent this! Yes! We can avoid risking our future. Wondering how?

Well, the answer is Prenatal Genetic Testing.

Prenatal Genetic Testing involves looking at your DNA and understanding your risk for certain diseases as well as your risk of passing on a disease to your children. Knowing details about your health from Genetic Testing means that you can determine the risks of you being susceptible to various diseases and ailments.

Needless to say, your genes are not the only ones responsible for everything, other aspects like environment, lifestyle are responsible as well! Even though it is best to get Prenatal Genetic Testing before getting pregnant, but this test can be done later as well. Genetic Testing can also be done at point of time during the pregnancy.

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Prenatal Genetic Testing is widely classified into two segments, namely Prenatal Screening Testing and Prenatal Diagnostic Testing.

Prenatal screening tests:

These are conducted to identify whether the baby is more or less likely to have certain birth defects, or genetic disorders. These tests include blood tests, a specific type of ultrasound and prenatal cell-free DNA screening.

Prenatal Diagnostic Testing:

Diagnostic testing will give you insights into the situation. This will help you understand the risks better. The results help you in taking your future decisions and planning the course of action in terms of your family planning. These tests are done on cells from the fetus or placenta obtained through amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS).


Amniocentesis is a diagnostic test usually done between 15 weeks and 20 weeks of pregnancy, but it also can be done up until you give birth. In this process, a very thin needle is used to withdraw a small amount of amniotic fluid. Ultrasound is used to guide the procedure. Depending on the way the cells are analysed and the information that you want, results can take from 1 day to several weeks. Leakage of amniotic fluid and slight bleeding can occur after amniocentesis. In most cases, both stop on their own.


In CVS, a sample of tissue is taken from the placenta. The main advantage of having CVS over amniocentesis is that CVS is performed earlier than amniocentesis, between 10 weeks and 13 weeks of pregnancy. The chance of miscarriage with CVS is slightly higher than the chance of miscarriage with amniocentesis.

Carrier Screening Genetic Testing:

Carrier testing is a genetic screening test done while you are planning for a family. This process involves screening of your genes to determine if you are carrying genes for certain genetic disorders and your risk of passing them on to your future children. A Genetic disorder will persist in a person only when they carry two defected genes. A positive screening test helps you to assess the level of risk you are at while having a baby with genetic disorders.
Read more on Carrier Testing

The Solution:

Genetic Testing is the future of medical treatment. And truGeny is a thorough Genetic Counselling and Testing servicesplatform.

Genetic counsellors from truGeny are certified and will help you in understanding the risk of you passing on a genetic condition to your future child, by understanding your health and family history. They will further guide you whether you require Genetic Testing. Post the testing process, the experts guide you through your report helping you plan your course of action. Genetic Counselling and Testing will build a stronger and healthier tomorrow. We believe with your support we can help in bringing the change. Let us join hands together. Let us choose to be healthy, be strong.

Book your appointment now! Visit www.trugeny.com