India being a democratic country, the citizens should get the highest importance. Hence, every policy created in this country should be benefitting every citizen. But India is a diverse country with people from various religion, culture, race, caste and ethnicity. The policies are adapted in a way where the need of every individual from every diversity is catered to. Keeping in mind the growth of everyone, the country falls back on Special policies, reservation systems, pension plans and so on. These policies are designed to ensure the benefits of differently abled people too. Prior to 2011 when the International year of the disabled was observed, no specific data on the differently abled was available. Post that, a census data was generated which marked around twenty-one million individuals with some form of disability, which is more than two percent of the total population. While, the count of mentally retarded takes up the second position in the report. Since 2011, India saw a hike in the count of differently abled individuals. According to a report from the World Bank, around forty to eighty million people are differently abled. Poverty, unemployment, and illiteracy are very common amongst the families of the differently abled.
Read more about the policies for the differently abled
- Societal behaviour towards the differently abled
- Education and them
- Inclusive policies
- The role of Genetic Testing and Counselling Services and truGeny
Societal behaviour towards the differently abled
Differently abled children fall prey to discrimination in our society. The family of the affected at times behave indifferently towards the children. They face seclusion and negative attitude from their closest ones. These children are deprived of all the love, care, affection they seek for from their family. They are neglected. In fact, at times the children are abandoned by their parents, especially in rural areas. The society believes that a differently abled child is a curse to the family and the society.
The lack of awareness, literacy, and ignorance towards such a sensitive topic have led the society to behave so indifferently towards them. The discrimination, awkward looks, sympathy, makes it really difficult for these special children to distance themselves from the society. Not just the society, the policies that are built to support every individual does not benefit them much. The pensions are way too meagre for them to sustain.
Education and them
Education is the key to success. But these special children are deprived from this basic necessity. The policy makers have long been ignoring the fact that the special children need a tailor-made syllabus and education system for them. Kerala, being the state with the highest rate of literacy in India, implemented a specially curated course and system for the differently abled in 2016. Therefore, we can imagine the situation in other states. Vocational training would make it easy for them to make a living. There are just three states in India with affiliated vocational training centres. The others have schools run by NGOs and associations like the YMCA. These associations do not get enough funding to support all the requirement. The teachers attached to these schools do not get paid and eventually end up leaving the job. Funds is a dire need for these NGOs to operate these educational institutions.
Know more about the institutions
The current focus is on inclusive policies. But the question is how inclusive are these policies and how does it benefit the differently abled? The physically challenged still stand a chance in these policies, but the mentally challenged got no luck at all. National Institute of Mentally Handicapped, India have just one percent of people going in there. Even though the institute promises employment but they fail to do so. As per the reservation system, just a three percent is reserved for them in the employment sector.
Even though a small percentage of the Indian population are differently abled, but we cannot ignore them. They are equally important. Their needs must also be catered to. We need to work towards the betterment of them. To start with, we can get aware and educated of the situation. Social exclusion is the next step. The government policies and reservation systems should work in favour of them. Special care cells must be incorporated. The education system should be improved. More job opportunities should be introduced.
As Stephen Hawkins said, “People with disabilities are vulnerable because of the many barriers they face: attitudinal, physical, and financial. Addressing these barriers is within our reach and we have a moral duty to do so. But most importantly, addressing these barriers will unlock the potential of so many people who have so much to contribute to the world. “Governments everywhere can no longer overlook the hundreds of millions of people with disabilities who are denied access to health, rehabilitation, support, education, and employment—and never get the chance to shine.” Let us unlock their potential. Let us support them.
The role of Genetic Testing and Counselling Services and truGeny
Even though there is nothing much that can be done to cure the differently abled. But Genetic Testing can enable you to learn about risks of your baby having any form of Genetic disorder well in advance, while you are pregnant. We cannot stop their pain, but we can prepare ourselves. Genetic counselling and testing will enable you to make decisions best suited for the baby and you. It will help you prepare for the care that your baby might need in case of any situation.
truGeny, India’s first tele-genetics platform helps you with genetic risk evaluation and guides you through your pregnancy journey. Certified and expert genetic counsellors will firstly perform a genetic diagnosis and your risk evaluation. The counsellors will help you understand the risks that you and/or your baby might be susceptible to after learning your medical history and your family’s health history. Based on the risk evaluation, they will guide you if you need to undergo Genetic Testing. The experts will also help you understand your genetic test report. Based on your report, they will also guide you on the best course of action.
Visit www.trugeny.com to book your appointment now.